pwkyh79s3sghlsnuc4ylv5maiexs01 Cusco's Main Square & Temple of the Sun

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Cusco's Main Square & Temple of the Sun

The navel of the Inca world

•location:
CUSCO CITY

•type:

•country:
PERU

•interest:

CULTURAL

HISTORIC SQUARE AND ARCHEOLOGICAL RUINS

Cusco's Main Square & Temple of the Sun

GALLERY - 

 
Santiago Rodríguez - Creative Commons Attribution
by:
by:
Santiago Rodríguez - Creative Commons Attribution
by:
Santiago Rodríguez - Creative Commons Attribution
Santiago Rodríguez - Creative Commons Attribution
by:
Santiago Rodríguez - Creative Commons Attribution
by:
Santiago Rodríguez - Creative Commons Attribution
by:
 

ABOUT - 

Cusco's Main Square & Temple of the Sun

Cusco, the capital of the Inca Empire, is the heart of a cultural and archaeological circuit that leads to a deep knowledge of the people who inhabited the Andes. Two places are icons of this millenary city, the Plaza de Armas (or Main Square), and the Temple of the Sun (or “Coricancha”, “Golden Temple”).

 

A marsh, dried by the Incas, was transformed into the administrative, religious and cultural center of the Empire’s capital. This was the navel of the Inca world. In the conquest the Spaniards surrounded this central point (today Cusco’s Main Square) with temples and mansions built upon the Inca palaces. In this place Tupac Amaru II was executed in 1781, for that reason it is called Huacaypata or the "place of tears". Now the Square is the center of modern Cusco, surrounded by restaurants, jewelries, travel agencies and the same temples of the conquest period.


The place where the Main Square is located was the religious and administrative center of the Inca period. The palaces of Pachacútec, Huayna Capac and Inca Viracocha were located around the Square, and almost all the festivities were celebrated here, including Inti Raymi, Huarachicuy, the dance of Amaru and Capac Raymi.

 

For its part, the Temple of the Sun,  or “Coricancha” or “Golden Temple”, is an Inca building on top of which the Convent of Santo Domingo was built. It was one of the most famous, revered and respected temples of the Inca Empire. The golden precinct, as it was known, was a sacred place where the maximum Inca god was worshiped: the Inti (Sun).

 

Some other structures that are integrated to the Coricancha precinct are: the Temple of the Moon, the Temple of Venus and Stars, the Temple of Illapa or Chuki Illapa, the Temple of K'uychi or Arco Iris (Rainbow), the Inti Pampa, the Solar Garden and the Springs.


Cusco is also the historical capital of Peru, with constitutional rank. Its name, of Aymaran origin, means in Spanish "Carg of the Owl". The city owns many titles and one of them is "The Rome of America" ​​because of the amount monuments that it owns. Cusco is at 3,400 masl and has 420,000 inhabitants. It is the main touristic city of Peru.

 

GET THERE - 

Cusco's Main Square & Temple of the Sun

• location:
CUSCO CITY
•country:
PERU
•region: 
SOUTH AMERICA

ADDRESS OR VENUE

Main Square of Cusco city, Perú

GETTING THERE FROM THE CLOSEST MAIN BUS STATION

It is 3 km by taxi or private vehicle from the bus station (terminal terrestre) of the city of Cusco to its Main Square (Plaza de Armas), by the Avenida Sol. It is 2.3 km by taxi or private vehicle from the bus station (terminal terrestre) of the city of Cusco to the Temple Of the Sun in the same city, by the Avenida Sol.

TIME TO GET THERE FROM THE CLOSEST MAIN BUS STATION

It takes 18 minutes by taxi or private vehicle from the bus station (terminal terrestre) of the city of Cusco to its Main Square (Plaza de Armas). It takes 12 minutes by taxi or private vehicle from the bus station (terminal terrestre) of the city of Cusco to the Temple of the Sun in the same city.

GETTING THERE FROM THE CLOSEST AIRPORT

It is 5.6 km by taxi or private vehicle from Alejandro Velasco Astete international airport in the city of Cusco to its Main Square (Plaza de Armas), by Velasco Astete Avenue and Avenida 28 de julio. It is 4.9 km by taxi or private vehicle from Alejandro Velasco Astete international airport in the city of Cusco to the Temple of the Sun in the same city, by Velasco Astete Avenue and Avenida 28 de julio.

TIME TO GET THERE FROM THE CLOSEST AIRPORT

It takes 22 minutes by taxi or private vehicle from Alejandro Velasco Astete international airport of the city of Cusco to its Main Square (Plaza de Armas). It takes 18 minutes by taxi or private vehicle from Alejandro Velasco Astete international airport of the city of Cusco to the Temple of the Sun in the same city.

DISTANCE TO THE CLOSEST MAIN CITY

Cusco city - 0km - 0 miles

DISTANCE TO THE CLOSEST INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

Cusco city´s airport - 0km - 0miles

 

PRACTICAL - 

Cusco's Main Square & Temple of the Sun

PROFILE

• Interest:

CULTURAL

PLACE

• Class:

HISTORIC SQUARE AND ARCHEOLOGICAL RUINS

• Type:

• Kind:

URBAN

3400

• Altitude meters:

11154

• Altitude feet:

• Minimum visit time in hours:

1

• Maximum visit time in hours:

3

OPENING HOURS (or DATE if it is an event)

  • The Main Square (Plaza de Armas) is a public space of free access from monday to sunday.

  • The Temple of the Sun (Coricancha) is open from monday to saturday, from 08h30 to 17h30 and sunday from 14h00 to 17h00.

ENTRANCE FEE

  • Cusco´s Main Square (Plaza de Armas): free admission.

  • Temple of the Sun (Coricancha): S/ 10 peruvian soles (not included in the tourist ticket of the city of Cusco).

RELATED ACTIVITIES

VISITS:

  • Panoramic sightseeing.

  • Guided visits.

  • Independent visit.

  • Experiential journey.

CULTURAL:

  • Attending religious events.

  • Attending civic events.

  • Attending folkloric events.

  • Attending artistic events.

  • Attending sporting events.

  • Attending commercial events.

ENTERTAIMENT:

  • Shopping.

  • Attend shows.

  • Night life.

SPORTS:

  • Walking

  • Trekking.

  • Running.

  • Kayaking.

  • Biking.

SPECIALIZED:

  • Bird watching.

  • Geo interpretation.

RELEVANT CATEGORIES

  • Unesco World Cultural Heritage Site.

  • Cultural National Heritage.

WHAT TO TAKE WITH YOU

  • Comfortable clothing,

  • A camera, a video camera,

  • Comfortable shoes,

  • Sunscreen

LOCAL CONTACT