pwkyh79s3sghlsnuc4ylv5maiexs01 Sacsayhuaman Inca fortress

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Sacsayhuaman Inca fortress

An impressive Inca fortress in a sacred valley

•type:

•interest:

CULTURAL

ARCHEOLOGICAL RUINS

•location:
CUSCO CITY
•country:
PERU
 

Sacsayhuaman Inca fortress

GALLERY - 

by:
Mi Peru - Public Domain
by:
Bcasterline - Public Domain
T Clark - Public Domain
by:
Gustavo Vargas - Creative Conmmons Attribution
by:
Gustavo Vargas - Creative Commons Attribution
by:
Cyntia Motta - Creative Commons Attribution
by:
 

ABOUT - 

Sacsayhuaman Inca fortress

Sacsayhuaman, or “Place where the falcon is satisfied”, is an Inca fortress with stones so polished that their surface have the softness of velvet and some of them are as high 9 m. the fortress is located 2 km to the north of the Main Square of the city of Cusco, which was the capital of the Inca Empire in Peru. Sacsayhuaman fortress has an area of ​​30km2 (3,093 hectares) and is at 3,700 meters above sea level.


Sacsayhuaman is also translated as "head of puma", because the place where the fortress is located, corresponds to the shape of this sacred animal’s head. It was Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca, who redesigned the city of Cusco, the center of the Inca Empire, and gave it the shape of a puma lying down. The puma is a mythical animal that guarded earthly matters. The most outstanding of the fortress are its three walls of cyclopean (giant) stone and the space covered by the constructions, which makes it one of the most extraordinary and mysterious buildings in the world. The Incas worked for 70 years with a labor force of at least 20,000 men to extract the stones from the Quarries of Muina, Huacoto and Rumicolca 20 km away, to locate them in the hill in front of the city of Cusco. The stones are put together in such a way that no glue was needed and not even a pin fits between them.

 

Today, only remains 20% of what was originally built, because the Spaniards, during the conquest, dismantled the fortress’ walls and turrets to build temples and houses in Cusco and to prevent Inca attacks from there.

 

The first hypothesis is that Sacsayhuaman was a military fortress, but others consider that it had a religious utility: a temple dedicated to the Sun. Every June 24, the Inti Raymi, in honor of the Sun God, is celebrated on the site.

 

The place has beautiful landscapes with abundant flora and fauna (llamas and hawks stand out). The most surprising overview is the city of Cusco and its mountains: Ausangate, Pachatusán and Cinca, all of them sacred to the Incas.

 

Starting from the fortress, there are some other points that can be visited such as: Kenko (Cerro Socorro), Intihuatana, Puca Pucara and Tambomachay (three beautiful water fountains).

 

PRACTICAL - 

Sacsayhuaman Inca fortress

ADDRESS OR VENUE

OPENING HOURS (or DATE if it is an event)

2km to the north of the Main Square (Plaza de Armas) of Cusco city, Perú

  • Monday to sunday, from 07h00 to 18h00.

DISTANCE TO THE CLOSEST MAIN CITY

Cusco city - 0km - 0miles

DISTANCE TO CLOSEST INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

Cusco city´s airport - 0km - 0miles

PROFILE

• Interest:

CULTURAL

• Kind:

URBAN

• Min. visit time hours:

2

PLACE

• Class:

3700

• Altitude meters:

ARCHEOLOGICAL RUINS

• Type:

12139

• Altitude feet:

• Max. visit time hours:

5

RELATED ACTIVITIES

RELEVANT CATEGORIES

VISITS:

  • Panoramic sightseeing.

  • Guided visits.

  • Independent visit.

  • Experiential journey.

Cultural

  • Attending folkloric events.

  • Attending artistic events.

ENTERTAIMENT:

  • Attending shows.

SPORTS:

  • Walking

  • Trekking.

  • Camping.

SPECIALIZED:

  • Bird watching.

  • Wild life watching.

ADVENTURE:

  • Mountain climbing.

  • Unesco World Cultural Heritage Site.

  • Cultural National Heritage.

  • National Protected Area.

ENTRANCE FEE

With the Tourist Ticket (B.T.C. Boleto Turístico Cusco) you enter 16 places of interest located in the city of Cusco, adjacent places and nearby valleys like the South Valley and the Sacred Valley of the Incas. The Tourist Ticket system is managed by the Committee of Integrated Cultural Tourism Services-Cusco (COSITUC).

B.T.C. Is classified in:

• Cusco Integral Touristic Ticket (BTCI) including Pisac S / 130 peruvian soles

• Cusco Integral Tourist Ticket for foreign students (BEE) S / 70 peruvian soles

• Cusco Touristic Ticket for national tourists (BIN) S / 70 peruvian soles

• Cusco Integral Tourist Ticket for national students (BEN) S / 70 peruvian soles

• Partial Tourist Tickets S / 70 peruvian soles.

The address of COSITUC to buy tickets is: Av. El Sol 103, Galerías Turísticas, Of. 101, in the city of Cusco, Peru. Telefax: (51) 084-261465 / Telephone: (51) 084-227037, www.cosituc.gob.pe. Opening hours: monday to saturday, 08h00  to 18h00; sundays and holidays 08h00 to 13h00.

WHAT TO TAKE WITH YOU

  • Warm clothing,

  • Binoculars,

  • A photo camera.

  • A video camera.

  • Sunscreen.

  • Hiking shoes.

  • A bottle of water.

  • A hat or a cap.

DO YOU HAVE MORE QUESTIONS?

 

Sacsayhuaman Inca fortress