pwkyh79s3sghlsnuc4ylv5maiexs01 Tiwanaku ancient city

by destINfinit ® 2012 - 2020 all rights reserved ©

Tiwanaku ancient city

The origin city of America’s cultures

•type:

•interest:

CULTURAL

ARCHEOLOGICAL RUINS

•location:
TIWANAKU CITY
•country:
BOLIVIA
 

Tiwanaku ancient city

GALLERY - 

by:
Mhwater - Public Domain
by:
Machimon 2006 - Creative Commons Attribution
Pavel Špindler - Creative Commons Attribution
by:
Dr Eugen Lehle - Creative Commons Attribution
by:
De Fries - Creative Commons Attributio
by:
Mhwater - Public Domain
by:
 

ABOUT - 

Tiwanaku ancient city

Tiwanaku is an ancient city and archaeological site, considered as the mother culture of the most important prehistoric civilizations of America. Due to its importance, since 2000 it is registered in UNESCO's World Heritage List. It is located near Titicaca Lake, at 3,844 meters above sea level, 72 km west of the city of La Paz, capital of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. The weather is arid-cold so the visitor can be exposed to extreme temperature changes between 20 and 0 degrees Celsius.

 

Tiwanaku was the capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire that reached its peak between the years 500 and 900 A.C. Its influence spread over a vast area of ​​the Andes. Its vestiges emphasize the cultural and political importance of a civilization different from the rest of the pre-Hispanic cultures of America.

 

The Tiwanakota population used to base its economy on agriculture and livestock and its architecture denotes great knowledge in engineering and astronomy.

 

The city was composed of 7 spaces: Kalasasaya, Semi-Subterranean Temple, Akapana Pyramid, Kantatallita, Kerikala, Putuni and Puma Punku, to house 115,000 inhabitants. In its site museum there are exhibited the ceramics of Tiwanaku with “queros” (ceremonial vases), the huaco-portraits (three-dimensional portrait of a human face in a vase) and some textiles.

 

The Tiwanaku culture possessed a port on Titicaca Lake, although now the city is 15 km away from the lake, because the historical level of the lake has descended. When the Spaniards reached the high plateau, they were astonished to see the ruins of an abandoned city built with large stones and strange sculptures. They asked to a native by gestures about the name of that city and the aboriginal always said "Thia wañaku", so that they adopted the word "Tiawanaku". But the indigenous was just saying "it is the dry shore" in his language the Aymara: "thia" = "shore" and "wañaku" = "dry".


The most prominent stone sculptures are Puerta del Sol (in Andesite stone of 3 m high, 4 m wide and 10 tons in weight), Puerta de la Luna, Monolito Ponce, Monolito Fraile and the Monolito Bennett also known as "Estela" or "Monolito Pachamama" (7 m high, 1.20 m wide, carved in a single block of 18.5 tons of weight).

 

PRACTICAL - 

Tiwanaku ancient city

ADDRESS OR VENUE

OPENING HOURS (or DATE if it is an event)

Archeological Complex Tiwanaku, Tiwanaku town, Bolivia.

  • Monday to sunday from 09h00 to 17h00.

DISTANCE TO THE CLOSEST MAIN CITY

La Paz city - 66km - 41miles

DISTANCE TO CLOSEST INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

La Paz city´s airport - 66km - 41 miles

PROFILE

• Interest:

CULTURAL

• Kind:

RURAL

• Min. visit time hours:

1

PLACE

• Class:

3844

• Altitude meters:

ARCHEOLOGICAL RUINS

• Type:

12611

• Altitude feet:

• Max. visit time hours:

7

RELATED ACTIVITIES

RELEVANT CATEGORIES

VISITS:

  • Panoramic sightseeing.

  • Guided visits.

  • Experiential journey.

SPORTS:

  • Walking.

  • Unesco World Cultural Heritage Site.

  • Cultural National Heritage.

  • National protected area.

ENTRANCE FEE

  • General admission S /. 80 bolivians.

WHAT TO TAKE WITH YOU

  • Wear comfortable and warm clothing (Tiwanaku site is cold).

  • Water.

  • Sunscreen.

  • Eat light food (altitude sickness must be prevent).

  • A camera.

  • A video camera.

DO YOU HAVE MORE QUESTIONS?

 

Tiwanaku ancient city